Reference List Guidelines:
Every in-text citation should have a corresponding citation in the end-text reference list. Every work in the end-text reference list should have a corresponding in-text citation. Personal communications are an exception to this rule.
The end-text reference list provides full citation details of a work based on the following four elements required for refererencing:
This means that all end-text reference list citations have the following format as their underlying structure:
Author, A. A. (year). Title. Source.
Place of Publication
For books published within the United States, follow the name of the city with the two official US postal service abbreviations. For all other publications, follow the name of the city with the name of the country. End with the name of the publisher. For example:
Alphabetizing the Reference List
Learn how to arrange entries in the reference list, including how to alphabetize multiple works by the same author, the same author and date of publication, different authors with the same surname, group authors, or no author.
APA Style CENTRAL
© 2016 American Psychological Association.
Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.