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Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

American Psychological Association (APA) style

APA style is an author-date citation style. It has been adopted by the majority of courses at ECU. Information in this guide is based on:

In this guide you will find:

  • Getting started: An introduction and overview of the key components of referencing using the APA style;
  • Sample references and information, under the tabs, for a variety of reference types;
  • APA Referencing Guide produced by ECU Library - a short printable introductory guide for the most common reference types;
  • APA Style Central database

APA Referencing Guide (pdf) - short "quick" guide

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association


There are currently issues with off campus access to APA Style Central. After the ECU login, users are redirected to another APA login, rather than the database. We are working with IT Services and APA to resolve this issue. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Suggest using Firefox or Google Chrome as your browser.

Referencing Assistance

For general advice regarding referencing and questions relating to specific reference types, email your question to the Library and a librarian will attend to your query. Please check information on this guide in the first instance.

APA Style Blog

American Psychological Association. APA Style. Quick Answers - References

APA website: some common reference examples and links.

Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.