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Publish: Open Access

Introduction to Open Access (OA) publishing


Open Access (OA) ensures peer-reviewed scholarly outputs are available to all researchers,

not just those that have access to paid subscription databases.


Image from: Artist: Angus Mcguire

The Australian Research Council and the National Health & Medical Research Council have policies requiring recipients of funding to make their outputs available for Open Access.

Information about outputs can be provided in our institutional repository with a link to the published version, where copyright and licencing arrangements allow the full text is included, allowing Open Access to the research.

Most publishers have policies that allow the Author's Accepted Manuscript to be shared on an Institutional Repository, like Research Online, after an embargo period. This is referred to as Green Open Access or Self-Archiving and for this reason it is important that you keep the Author's Accepted Manuscript (AAM) of your publications. More details about the differences between AAMs and the Published Version are below:

Gold Open Access   Your article has been published and is available online for anyone to read. However, the journal will charge you or your funder, an article processing charge (APC) for each journal article to be made available with Gold open access. The APC rate varies between journal titles. There are some journals where all of the articles are available as gold open access.

Green Open Access  You publish your article in a traditional subscriptions journal and  readers will need a subscription to access the publisher version of the article. However, the author may allow you, as the author, to make available on open access version of your article either on your personal website or your institutional repository.

  • this version is generally the "author's accepted manuscript" which is your final peer reviewed, corrected copy, but without the journal's typesetting, logo, etc.
  • there may be an embargo period before it can be made publicly available on open access
  • the publisher's policy on green open access is usually available in the Author's Information section of the journal's website

Hybrid Open Access

  • a subscription journal title contains some articles have been published as Gold Open Access articles
  • sometimes the current articles are available by subscription only, but after an embargo period previous issues are made openly accessible

Bronze Open Access

  • articles made free-to-read on the publisher website, without an explicit Open license

The guide below illustrates how journal's policies on a number of aspects of OA can influence how open your publications can be: 

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Imago fro How open is open 2

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What is a CC licence?

The CC licences provide a simple standardised way for individual creators, companies and institutions to share their work with others on flexible terms without infringing copyright. The licences allow users to reuse, remix and share the content legally.

Offering your work under a Creative Commons licence does not mean giving up your copyright. It means permitting users to make use of your material in various ways, but only on certain conditions.

Use the Creative Commons Licence Chooser


For More Information on Licences, Go To:

Attribution CC BY  

This licence lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licences offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and licence their new creations under the identical terms. This licence is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licences. All new works based on yours will carry the same licence, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the licence used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.

Attribution-NoDerivatives CC BY-ND

This licence allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.

Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives CC BY-NC-ND

This licence is the most restrictive of the six licences, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.

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