Information is knowledge about a particular subject, issue, event or process. Information can be obtained from various sources: you can be told information, for example through a lecture or a television program, or you can find information through your own research.
Information is not only essential for your studies but to help navigate your daily lives, from finding your way to university in the morning to writing an essay, or getting the right ingredients for a recipe, conducting an experiment, renting a house, filling in a job application form, exam revision and for many, many other tasks.
It is important that you know the different types of information so you can choose the right one to use for your assignments.
These are sources that have been created as a result of a rigorous research process and then reviewed by other scholars before they are published.
These are sources written or created for an audience outside the academic community such as the general public.
These are sources where the author has witnessed firsthand the events they are writing about.
These are sources where the author is reporting on something that someone else saw and has written about.
Western Sydney University. (2017). Types of sources. https://www.westernsydney.edu.au