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Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Unpublished and informally published works: General format

A reference for an unpublished or informally published work includes the author, date, title and source or status:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of manuscript. Unpublished manuscript.

In addiition, if a university is cited, then give the university name, place and country (outside the United States) or code for the state (within the United States).

Unpublished Papers & Manuscripts: Sample References

Source                                    In-text Reference End-text Reference
(reference lists require hanging indents)
Unpublished paper/manuscript

(Parker, 1978)

Parker, R. S. (1978). Style notes for typescripts in the social sciences. Unpublished manuscript, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Unpublished or Informally Published Work Reference





Unpublished or Informally Published Work Reference

Learn how to format references for unpublished or informally published works, including unpublished manuscripts, manuscripts submitted for publication, and self-archived work.

Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.