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Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Theses & Dissertations: General Reference Format

Dissertation or thesis from a database:
Author A. A. (2006). Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis). Retrieved from Name of Database.
(Accession or Order No.)
Unpublished dissertation or thesis:
Author A. A. (2006). Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis). Name of Institution,

Theses & Dissertations: Sample References

In-text Reference
End-text Reference
Master's thesis

 (Aitken, 2001)

Aitken, J. P. (2001). Bioenergetics of the Australian giant cuttlefish (Sepia apama)  (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (AAT MQ66476).
Doctoral dissertation

 (Pendar, 1982)

Pendar, J. E. (1982). Undergraduate psychology: Factors influencing decisions about college, curriculum and career (Doctoral dissertation). Dissertation Abstracts International. (University Microfilms No. 82-06, 181).
Unpublished dissertation or theses: Print
(Lock, 1993, p. 38)
Lock, G. (1993). The prevalence and sources of perceived occupational stress among teachers in Western Australian Government metropolitan primary schools (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Edith Cowan University, Mount Lawley, Australia.
Doctoral dissertation from an institutional database

(Sparrow, 2013)

Sparrow, H. (2013). Teaching excellence: An illusive goal in higher education teaching and learning (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from
Note: This example is from the ECU Research Online Database
Doctoral dissertation online

 (Weber, 2003)

Weber, C. E. (2003). Making common cause?: Western and Middle Eastern feminists in the international women’s movement, 1911-1948 (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Dissertation or Thesis Reference





Dissertation or Thesis Reference

Learn how to format references for doctoral dissertations or master's theses, including published and unpublished versions available from a variety of sources.

Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.