Skip to main content


Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Standards: General Reference Format

In referencing standards, use the format for technical and research reports.
General format for print standards
Author. (date). Title of standard (standard number xxx). Location: Publisher.
Where the author and publisher are identical, use the word Author as the name of the publisher.
General format for online standards
Author. (date). Title of standard (standard number xxx). Retrieved from http://www.xxxx

Reports: Sample References

In-text Reference                         
End-text Reference
(reference lists require hanging indent)
Standards (Australian)

(Standards Australia, 2009)

Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and
(AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). Retrieved

Standards (International)

(International Organization for
Standardization, 2018)

International Organization for Standardization. (2018). Occupational health and 
       safety management systems: Requirements with guidance for use
       45001:2018). Retrieved from


Technical or Research Report Reference





Technical or Research Report Reference

Learn how to format references for technical or research reports, including those published by governments, task forces, and institutions.

For further information:

Electronic Sources & Locator Information





Electronic Sources and Locator Information

Learn how to use the two types of electronic retrieval information found in references, digital object identifiers (DOIs) and uniform resource locators (URLs), including how to cite documents retrieved from research databases and websites.

Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.