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Referencing: Figures, Tables & Images

Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Figures & Tables: Sample References

Source In-text References
End-text References
(reference lists require hanging indent)
Figure in a book

(Pear, 2001, Figure 7.5)

Note: Use the basic author/year mention, with an added entry about the figure being referred to.
Pear, J. (2001). The science of learning. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
Image in a book
 

... the painting by Ocampo (Seckel, 2004, Mona Lisa’s Chair, p. 221)

... Ocampo's painting Mona Lisa’s Chair (Seckel, 2004, p. 221) is known as....

 

Seckel, A. (2004). Masters of deception: Escher, Dali and the artists of optical illusion. London, England: Sterling Publishing. 
The end text reference only gives the details of the source material.
Image or Photograph from a webpage

(Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 2009)

 

Westinghouse Electric Corporation. (2009). Lightning model [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photo-of-the-day/lightning-model-pod-best09/
Table in a book
(Sousa, 2008, Table 4.2)

 

Note: Use the basic author/year mention, with an added entry about the figure being referred to. 

Sousa, D. A. (2008). How  the brain learns mathematics. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Tables & Figures (Images) - Style Notes

When including a Figure or Table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations. Any image or illustration in APA is treated as either a Table or a Figure. See APA Style Blog, Figures and Tables.

If you're simply referring to an image in your work, then cite the source as you would for a quotation.

if reproducing or adapting a table to use in your work:

1. Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.

2. Figures are any other type of illustration (chart, graph,photograph, drawing maps ...) other than a table.

3. All Tables and Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.

4. Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text.  Refer to them in the text by their number.

5. Each table or figure should be titled and captioned.

6. An in-text reference is not used. The table note is used instead. 

 

Figures: If the figure is not your own work, it also requires a caption and acknowledgement of the source. Refer to the figure in text using the figure number.

In text citation example:

As Figure 1 shows, ...

As shown in Figure 2, ...

A caption for figures should include:

  • The word Figure (italics) and a number (from 1, in numerical order)
  • A title for the figure or brief description
  • Acknowledgement of the source. e.g. book, journal.
  • Figures in text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information. Students please check with your lecturer to see if this is necessary.
    Example (journal article source):
    Figure 6. Adapted from “A Conceptual Validation Study of the Texture Response on the Rorschach,"  by A. Marsh and D. J. Viglione, 1992, Journal of Personality Assessment, 58(3), p. 576. Copyright 1992 by Society for Personality Assessments.
    Format for a web source:
    Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. From Title of Website, Retrieved from URL. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder.

Tables:

Tables should include:

  • Table Number and Title: Place the title directly above the table itself and below the table number. The title should be in italics, with major words capitalized and no full stop.
    e.g. Table 1
            Mean Performance Scores of Students with Different University Majors
  • Table Notes: A general note qualifies, explains, or provides information relating to the table. Include within general notes any acknowledgements that a table is reproduced from another source. General notes are italicized. e.g. Note.
    Example (book source):
    Note. From Thermophysical Properties of Fluids, p. 113, by M. J. Assael, 1998, London: Imperial College Press. Copyright 1998 by Imperial College Press. Reprinted with permission.

End-text:

The end-text reference only gives the details of the source. e.g. book, journal article, webpage.
Example: Assael, M. J. (1998). Thermophysical properties of fluids. London: Imperial College Press.

Citing sources within a table
How to cite multiple sources that you've used in creating a table, is a common question. How you cite sources depends on the context. An explanation, with examples is provided on the APA style blog: Navigating Copyright: How to Cite Sources in a Table

Figure guidelines

Figure Guidelines

Learn about the guidelines for creating a figure, including when it's appropriate to use a figure, how to create standard figure types and what to use them for, and what visual standards to apply to all figures.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Figure components

Figure Components

Learn about the components of a figure, including how to create an effective image, use a legend, and write a caption.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Table guidelines

Table Guidelines

Learn about the guidelines for creating a table, including how to lay out a table, how to create standard table types and what to use them for, and how to discuss table data in the text or among multiple tables.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Table components

Table Components

Learn about the components of a table, including how to number and title a table, use table headings, construct the table itself, write table notes, and use other marks or spacing.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

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In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.