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Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Computer Software and Mobile Apps

Computer Software: 

  • It is not necessary to cite 'standard software' such as Microsoft Word, Excel, Java, Adobe Photoshop, SPSS or SAS.
  • You should provide a reference for specialized software or computer programs with limited distribution.
  • Do not italicize the names of software, programs, or languages.
  • Do italicize the title of a data set.
  • In parentheses immediately after the title identify the version number, if any.

Reference Format:  

         Rightsholder, A.A. (Year). Title of program (Version number)  [Description of form]. Location: Name of Producer
         Rightsholder, A.A. (Year). Title of program  [Description of form]. Retrieved from http//xxxx

         Esolang, A. N. (2014). Obscure Reference Generator [Computer software]. Washington, DC: E & K Press.
         Customized Synergy [Computer software]. (2014). Retrieved from       


Moblie Apps:

Reference format:
         Rightsholder, A. A. (year). Title of Software or Program (Version number) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

         Note: the author may be an individual, but is often a group or company.

Example citation for a whole app:

         Skyscape. (2013). Skyscape Medical Resources (Version 1.17.42) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from


For further information and examples:

APA Style Central, App or Software Reference

APA style blog: How to cite computer software in APA style

APA style blog: How to cite a mobile app.

App or Software Reference

App or Software Reference

Learn how to format references for computer software and mobile apps, including whole apps or software packages as well as entries in mobile application reference works or periodicals.


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