Skip to main content


Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Reviews: Sample References

Source In-text Reference End-text Reference
(reference lists require hanging indent)
Review: In a print journal

(Carmody, 1982)

Carmody, T. P. (1982). A new look at medicine from the social perspective [Review of the book Social contexts of health, illness, and patient care, by E. G. Mishler, L. R. Amarasingham, S. T. Hauser, R. Liem, S. D.Osherson, & N. E. Waxler]. Contemporary Psychology, 27, 208-209.
Review: In an electronic journal

(Sheid, 2009)

Sheid, G. (2009). Personality matters @ work [Review of the book Personality and intelligence at work: Exploring and explaining individual differences at work, by A. Furnham]. PsycCRITIQUES, 54(1). doi:10.1037/a0013576

What is a DOI?

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique code used to identify content and provide a persistent link to a document on the internet. A publisher assigns a DOI when a journal article is published and made available electronically.

Include a DOI for all electronic publications at the end of your reference, if one exists. If a DOI doesn't exist, then include the URL.

Display the DOI in either of the following formats. The active URL link is preferred to the shorter form, but either formats are acceptable for APA style:


For further information, refer to Crossref's display guidelines:

Journal Article Reference





Journal Article Reference

Learn how to format references for journal articles, including those published in print, online, or retrieved from research databases.

Electronic Sources & Locator Information





Electronic Sources and Locator Information

Learn how to use the two types of electronic retrieval information found in references, digital object identifiers (DOIs) and uniform resource locators (URLs), including how to cite documents retrieved from research databases and websites.

Edith Cowan University acknowledges and respects the Nyoongar people, who are the traditional custodians of the land upon which its campuses stand and its programs operate.
In particular ECU pays its respects to the Elders, past and present, of the Nyoongar people, and embrace their culture, wisdom and knowledge.