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Referencing: Nursing & Health Sciences

Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

The Purpose of this page is to provide some guidance on how to correctly reference Nursing specific types of information

Using Acronyms in in-text referencing

If using acronyms in in-text referencing you can't start a sentence with one.

e.g.  PMH (2013), suggests...

the correct in-text referencing would be Princess Margaret Hospital (2013) suggest......

(refer to page 11 of the ECU Referencing Guide  for more information)

Below is a list of acronyms used within the Government of Western Australia, Department of Health:

Department of Health (WA). 2016.  WA Health operational plan 2015-16.  Retrieved from: http://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/

Standards (as a document sourced from a webpage)

Source Example In-text

End-text (remember the hanging indent)

National Safety and Quality Health Standards

first in-text citation:

(Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC], 2012)

subsequent in-text citations:

(ACSQHC, 2012)

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (2012).  National safety and quality health service standards.  Retrieved from http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/NSQHS-Standards-Sept-2012.pdf

National Competency Standards for the Registered Nurse

first in-text citation: (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2006)


subsequent in text citations:

(NMBA, 2006)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia, (2006). National competency standards for the registered nurse. Retrieved from www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au

[Note: use this format of the ‘retrieved from’ URL when a .pdf URL is unavailable – see the example above)]

Hospital Policy Documents [NOT available within the public domain] (as documents sourced from a webpage)

These are documents that are NOT available within the public domain but are accessible to the School of Nursing & Midwifery via Blackboard.

Source Example In-text End-text (remember the hanging indent)
Royal Perth Hospital

first in-text citation:  

(Royal Perth Hospital [RPH], 2016)

subsequent in-text citations: (RPH, 2016)

Royal Perth Hospital. (2016). Procedural management: Pre and Post (24-48 hours) NPS.  Retrieved from https://blackboard.ecu.edu.au

[Note: only use the core part of the Blackboard site URL]

 

Hospital Policy Documents [AVAILABLE within the public domain] (as documents sourced from a webpage)

These are documents that are accessible via Blackboard but are also AVAILABLE within the public domain.

Source Example In-text End-text (remember the hanging indent)

Princess Margaret Hospital
(Emergency Department Clinical Guidelines)

[sourced from Kids Healthcare WA]

first in-text citation:

(Princess Margaret Hospital [PMH],2013).

subsequent in-text citations: (PMH, 2013).

Princess Margaret Hospital. (2013). Emergency department clinical guidelines: abdominal and pelvic trauma.  Retrieved from http://kidshealthwa.com/api/pdf/416

 

Evidence-Based Information

 

Source Example In-text End-text (remember the hanging indent)
Joanna Briggs Institute
[Best practice: evidence based information sheet]
(Joanna Briggs Institute, 2007)

Joanna Briggs Institute. (2007). Effective dietary interventions for overweight and obese children. Best Practice: Evidence based information sheets for health professionals, 11(1), 1-4. Retrieved from http://joannabriggs.org/

[Note: similar to a Journal article that does not have a DOI, the home page URL is provided instead]

Joanna Briggs Institute  [Evidence Summaries] (Stephenson, 2016) Stephenson, M.  (2016). Self-managed diabetics: Educational support in community settings [Evidence Summaries].  In Joanna Briggs Institute. Retrieved from http://joannabriggs.org/
BMJ Best Practice (Goldfarb & Josephson, 2017)

Goldfarb, S. & Josephson, M. (2017).  Cystic fibrosis.  In BMJ Best Practice.  Retrieved from www.bestpractice.bmj.com

[Note: source the author from the pdf. document]

The Cochrane Library
[Systematic Reviews]
(Singh, Kour & Jayaram Mahesh, 2012) Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(1), 1–68. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007967.pub2

 

Drugs, Diseases and Point of Care Information

Source Example In-text End-text (remember the hanging indent)
MIMS Online (Naprosyn, 2016)

Naprosyn. (2016). In MimsOnline.  Retrieved from www.mimsonline.com.au

[Note: source the date from the ‘Full PI’ tab]

Nursing Reference Center (Marcel & Pravikoff, 2016)

Marcel, C., & Pravikoff, D. (2016). Nutrition in menopause [Evidence-Based Care Sheets]. In Nursing Reference Center. Retrieved from https://www.ebscohost.com/

[identifying the information type being referenced is not required in this instance]

Australian Medicines Handbook (Australian Medicines Handbook Pry Ltd. 2017) Australian Medicines Handbook Pty Ltd. (2017). Australian medicines handbook.  Retrieved from http://amh.hcn.net.au

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM–5).     

PRINT BOOK                       

 

first in-text citation:

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM–5], (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) does not .....

Subsequent mentions of the manual use: DSM-5

e.g. The DSM-5 is intended to be used by clinical,....... (APA, 2013)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

 

DSM-5

(e-BOOK: each section has a DOI. there is no DOI for the entire book).

(American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.744053

 

Government of Western Australia Department of Health

Source example In-text End-text (remember the hanging indent)
pdf. document sourced from the Government of Western Australia Department of Health Website

first in-text citation:

(Department of Health (WA) [DoH], 2015).

subsequent in-text citations: (DoH, 2015).                

 

Department of Health (WA). (2015). Corporate plan 2015-16.  Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/C849A8AF6220D3BACA257D2E001A6987/$File/Corporate-Plan.pdf
Information sourced from a Government of Western Australia Department of Health webpage

first in-text citation:

(Department of Health (WA) [DoH], 2015).

subsequent in-text citations: (DoH, 2015).     
Department of Health (WA). (2015).  Corporate plan 2015-16.  Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/corporate-plan-2015-16-toc