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Occupational Health and Safety: Referencing, EndNote & Assignment Support

This guide provides information and links about resources relevant to OHS in the ECU Library and other useful external resources

Library Referencing Guide

ECU Referencing Guide (PDF)

ECU Library Referencing Guide for Australian Legal Publications


Librarian: School of Medical and Health Sciences

Pam Thornton

The subject librarian can answer any of your queries relating to finding relevant information sources for your assignments and managing references. For example: 

  • How do I find journal articles on my topic?
  • Which databases should I search?
  • How do I find relevant articles in the databases?
  • How to locate print books and access online resources.
  • How to reference specific publications.
  • How to use EndNote.  

FAQ's Referencing OHS Publications

This page provides some extra referencing examples relating to sources used in OSH, to supplement those in the ECU Referencing Guide (APA 6th):

  • The APA style of referencing requires that all sources used in assignments must be acknowledged in the text of your essay (in-text citations) and in a reference list at the end of your document. You need to cite the author and date in-text. Include the page number for a direct quote. It's also desirable to give a page number when paraphrasing.

  • In the reference list at the end of your document, arrange all sources alphabetically by author.


The author for Australian standards is Standards Australia. The format is author (date). Title (standard number). Retrieved from



      (Standards Australia, 2009)


Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). Retrieved from


How do I reference government/technical reports, standards, codes of practice and guidance notes?

  • Format technical, research reports, annual reports and other government documents, using the same format as for standards. Reports often have a number. If this is the case, include the report number, in parentheses, immediately after the title.
  • Many reports have a corporate author (organization, government department) rather than a personal author. e.g. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Standards Australia. See examples in ECU Referencing guide: p.26.
  • Use this format for standards, codes of practice, guidance notes, MSDS, issue briefs, working papers, and other corporate documents, with the appropriate document number, if there is one, in parentheses.


  • Include the catalogue number for all Australian Bureau of Statistics publications:

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Work-related injuries, Austalia, 2009-10 (Cat. No. 6324.0). Retrieved from

  • If the publisher has not been identified as the author, then include the publisher as part of the retrieval statement.

Bishop, K. (2010). Risk factors and participation in work. Retrieved from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website:

  • Guidance Note:

National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority. (2010). Hazard identification: Guidance note (No. N-4300-GN0107). Retrieved from

  • Code of practice:

Safe Work Australia. (2015). Managing the risk of falls at workplaces: Code of practice. Retrieved from

Safe Work Australia. (2011). How to manage work health and safety risks: Code of practice. Retrieved from


  • Australian Standards: use Standards Australia as the author and include the standard number:

Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). Retrieved from



How do I reference Acts, Bills and Regulations?


Legislation (Acts, Bills and Regulations): Refer to examples on p.27 of the ECU Referencing guide, section on Legislation.


• Note that both the Act name and year are italicised.


In-text: if you are referring to particular sections, include the section number(s). e.g. Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 (WA) s.43. In the reference list just enter the Act as a whole (without section numbers).


• If you have already cited an Act, the next time you refer to that Act you can omit the year and jurisdiction. e.g. The Occupational Safety and Health Act also sets out...


General form for Acts and Regulations:

<Short Title of the Act in italics> <year in italics> (Jurisdiction abbreviation) <Section number> (Country abbreviation if not clear from the context. e.g. (Austl.). Not normally necessary for Australia).

Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 (WA).

Occupational Safety and Health Regulation 1996 (WA).  

Occupational Health and Safety Act 1991

General form for Bills:

<Bill Name> <year> (Jurisdiction abbreviation). i.e. Same format as for Acts, but not in italics.


Occupational Safety and Health Amendment Bill 2010 (WA).

Journal of Health, Safety and Environment

The "Journal of Health, Safety and Environment" is published by CCH and can be accessed via the CCH IntelliConnect database "OHS Solution Finder". From the article, if you click on Save/Email, then open the article in pdf format, page numbers will be displayed which can be used in your reference.

Title on CCH IntelliConnect is Australian &‚Äč New Zealand journal of health, safety and environment.


Bentley, T. A., Tappin, D. C., & Jackson, D. (2012). Health and safety practitioners’ perceptions of
       safety culture. Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, 28(1),1-8. Retrieved from

Corporate Authors: In-Text Citations

Can I abbreviate a corporate author in-text? Well Known corporate authors can be abbreviated as follows:

The first time you cite the reference in text write the corporate author name in full, with the abbreviation in [   ] plus date. e.g (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2009)

In subsequent citations you can use the abbreviation plus date: (ABS, 2009).

Note: Write the name in full in the end references.

EndNote Library Guide

EndNote quick guide (PDF)