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Referencing: Sample reference list

Guide to APA 6th referencing style used at ECU

Reference list guidelines

  • The list of references is created on a separate page.

  • The heading is centred at the top of the page and is titled "References".

  • Each entry is in alphabetical order according to the last name of the author or editor. If there is no author, list according to the first main word of the title.

  • Each entry begins flush with the left hand margin. Use a hanging indent for subsequent lines.

  • Entries are in double line spacing, with double line spacing between references.  (Check with your lecturer on how they would like your References spaced.)

Reference List

Learn how to write a References section, including how to ensure entries are accurate, complete, consistently styled, and up to date.


© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Sample Reference List


The bluebook: A uniform system of citation (18th ed.). (2005). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law

Review Association.


Deeley, M., & York, B. (Producers), & Scott, R. (Director). (1984). Bladerunner [Motion picture].

United States: Warner Brothers.
Hughes, L., & McMichael, T. (2011). The critical decade: Climate change and health. Retrieved
Jones, T. T. (1975a). Australian poetry. Sydney, Australia: Angus & Robertson.
Jones, T. T. (1975b). New Zealand poetry. Sydney, Australia: Angus & Robertson.
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Lock, G., & Jongeling, S. (1994). Maximising return rates in school based research. Issues in
Educational Research, 4(2), 109-115.
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Standards Australia. (1993). Guide to residential pavements (AS3727-1993). Retrieved from
VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American
Psychological Association.
Williams, S. (Producer), & Bell, A. J. W. (Director). (1998). Lost for words [Video]. England:
Yorkshire Television.